The island in the Pamvotida lake is an inseparable part
of the history of Ioannina: it is related with the history
and the death of Ali Pasha.
There are evidence already, from the Byzantine and Post-Byzantine
period, of organized living on the island based on the eight
The monastery Saint Nicholaos Philanthropinon (1292), Saint
Nicholaos, also Diliou or Stratigopoulou, monastery Eleousis
or Saint Nicholaos Goumaton (15th century), monastery of
Metamorphosis Sotiros, compounds that are located on the
north west side of the island and monastery Profiti Elia
on the top of the hill, the monastery Kimiseos Theotokou
and at last the monastery Saint Panteleimon. In the cells
of this last monastery still exist the bulletholes that
were fired against Ali Pasha when he tried to rescue himself
from the siege by Hoursit Pasha.
In these monasteries and especially in the monastery of
Saint Nicholaos Philanthropinon are being preserved wall
paintings of splended art. It is remarkable that in the
above monastery there are full body wallpaintings of seven
ancient philosophers as Platon, Solon, Aristotelis, Ploutarchos,
Thoukididis, Apollonios and Hilon.
It is the only habitable island in a lake today worldwide.
It's population is about 100 families who are all occupied
with tourism and fishing.
It's connection with the city of Ioannina is being served
by small boats which carry out routes every half hour at
summer and every hour at winter time. On the island there
are shops with folk art items and restaurants which serve
fishes, eels, frog-legs e.t.c. It represents an important
pole of touristic development of Ioannina.